American Surgical Association Transactions

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1921 – 2014

JAY LLOYD ANKENEY, M.D., 1921 – 2014

Jay Lloyd Ankeney, M.D. was born June 7, 1921 in Cleveland, Ohio. He received his B.A. from Ohio Wesleyan University and his M.D. from Western Reserve University in 1945. His internship at University Hospitals of Cleveland was interrupted when he joined the U.S. Naval Reserve as lieutenant form 1946 to 1948. He returned to Cleveland to complete his general surgery residency including a year as U.S. Public Health Service Research Fellow in physiology with University Hospitals Cardiologist Carl J. Wiggers. In 1953 he continued his training Thoracic Surgery at Bellview & Presbyterian Hospitals. During his tour of duty in New York City he did some Cardiac Surgery which in those days was limited to closed heart procedures. He then augmented his training with six months of study in Philadelphia under pioneering open-heart surgeon Jack Gibbons. He returned to Western Reserve and University Hospitals in 1955. In 1974 he was appointed Director of the Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery at University Hospitals, a position he held until his retirement in 1986. He was Professor of Thoracic Surgery from 1969 to 1986 and Professor Emeritus of Surgery after retirement. In 1994 C.W.R.U. honored his achievements by establishing the Jay L. Ankeney Endowed Professorship in Cardiothoracic Surgery. In addition to his pioneering work in open heart surgery and developing a Cardiothoracic Surgery Residency training program, he developed the Ankeney sternal retractor widely used by surgeons today. In 1969 he became one of the first surgeons to dispense with the heart lung machine in performing coronary artery bypass leading to reduced operative and recovery time and less risk to the patient. This technique was largely overlooked until being adopted in the mid 1990's, He was President of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons form 1980 to 1981, on the American Board of Thoracic Surgery from 1971 to 1980 and under his leadership the American Board of Thoracic Surgery designed a syllabus for the recertification of thoracic surgeons. Beloved husband of Julie Clayman, M.D., father of Jay Jr., Chrys Smiley and Cynthia Bingham and grandfather of Jordan Smiley, Dana Bingham and Hunter Bingham.